North Featherstone Junior And Infant School

Dream it. Believe it. Achieve it.

LKS2 Science Vocabulary Map

The national curriculum for science aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • develop scientific knowledge and conceptual understanding through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics
  • develop understanding of the nature, processes and methods of science through different types of science enquiries that help them to answer scientific questions about the world around them
  • are equipped with the scientific knowledge required to understand the uses and implications of science, today and for the future.


During years 3 and 4, pupils will be taught to use the following practical scientific methods, processes and skills through the teaching of every programme of study content:

  • asking relevant questions and using different types of scientific enquiries to answer them
  • setting up simple practical enquiries, comparative and fair tests
  • making systematic and careful observations and, where appropriate, taking accurate measurements using standard units, using a range of equipment, including thermometers and data loggers
  • gathering, recording, classifying and presenting data in a variety of ways to help in answering questions
  • recording findings using simple scientific language, drawings, labelled diagrams, keys, bar charts, and tables
  • reporting on findings from enquiries, including oral and written explanations, displays or presentations of results and conclusions
  • using results to draw simple conclusions, make predictions for new values, suggest improvements and raise further questions
  • identifying differences, similarities or changes related to simple scientific ideas and processes using straightforward scientific evidence to answer questions or to support their findings.



Lower Key Stage 2


Cycle 1


Science Coverage

Knowledge Vocabulary


Cycle 2




Knowledge Vocabulary

Flow ???




















As KS1 + Environment, classification

Impact, Flowering, Non-flowering, Dispersal, Explode

Expulsion, Stamen, Stigma, Petal,  style, Sepal, Anther, Producer, pollination, Reproduction, Life cycle, Roots, transported, Stem/trunk, Leaves, Nutrients, Explode

absorb, ,competition for resources, function,

minerals, optimum conditions, plant life cycle, plant tissues, pores (stomata), reproduction, seed formation, structure, support, well-aerated soil, well-drained soil.


Compare, appearance, physical, Fossils, Living, Dead, Trapped, Organic, Grains, Crystals

Similarities, Differences,

Igneous, Metamorphic

Sedimentary crystalline, crystals, erosion, fossils, grains, layers (strata), molten magma, particles, permeability, permeable, physical properties, soils.
















Animals, including humans

Light , Travel, Straight lines, Blocked, Shadows

Dark, Transparent, Translucent

Opaque, Light source, absorb, bright, dim, emit, light beam, light sources, light spectrum, opaque, rays, reflect, reflection, speed of light, sunlight, torch, translucent, transparent.



As KS1 + Ankle, arteries, backbone, ball and socket joints, bone, brain, branching blood vessels, capillaries, cardio-vascular system, cartilage, collar bone (clavicle), contract, endoskeleton, exoskeleton, extensor, fibula, finger, fixed joints, flexor, foot, hand, heart, hinge joints, humerus, involuntary muscles, joints, knee cap (patella), ligaments, moveable joints, movement, muscles, opposing pairs, pelvis, protection, shoulder blades (scapula), skeletal and muscular systems, radius, relax, ribs, skeletons, skull, sliding joints, spinal cord, sternum, support, thigh bone (femur), tibia, toe, ulna, veins, vertebrates, voluntary muscles, wrist.


Nutrition: carbohydrates, protein, fats, water, vitamins, minerals, fibre,



States of Matter

Boiling, condensation, degrees Celsius (°C), energy transfer solid, evaporation, condensation, precipitation, fixed shape and volume, forces of attraction, freezing, gaseous, liquid, melting, particles, rate of evaporation, solidifying, temperature, thermometer, vibrate, water cycle, observe

Tribal Tales



Echo, frequency of vibration, pitch (higher, lower), reflection of sound, sound insulation, sound wave, tuning fork, vacuum, vibration, volume (louder, softer).

ear drum, vibrations, pitch, auditory canal. Volume, auditory nerve, cochlea, outer, middle and inner ear

Blue Abyss


Living things and their habitats



As KS1 + classification keys, differences, human effects on the environment (population, development, deforestation, pollution), invertebrates (snails and slugs, worms, spiders, insects), organism, plant groups (trees, grasses, flowering plants, non-flowering plants), similarities, variation characteristics, vertebrates (fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals).


Burps, Bottoms and Bile


Animals including humans

As KS1 + absorption of food into blood stream, canines, cavities, chemical breakdown by enzymes, chewing, churning in stomach, dentine, digestion, digestive system, enamel, faeces, fluoride toothpaste, gastric juice, gums, incisors, intestine, molars, nerves, oesophagus, plaque, premolars, pulp cavity, predators, prey, producers, reabsorption of water from waste, saliva, swallowing, tooth decay., oesophagus,

Romans, Raiders and Traders


Forces and magnets

air resistance, attract, compress, direction of force, faster, floating, flying, force meter, forces, friction, gravity, magnetic, magnetic field, magnetic forces, Newton meter, Newtons (N), non-magnetic, north pole, poles, pull, push, repel, sinking, sliding, slower, south pole, speed, streamlined, stretch, twist, water resistance


Road Trip USA/

Volcano ???



battery, bulbs, buzzers, cell, closed circuit, conductor, crocodile clips, electrical appliances, insulator, motors, open circuit, simple series circuit, switches, wires

circuit – complete, voltage